South Asian Insider
What effects does alcohol have on health?
Alcohol is the intoxicating ingredient that is present in wine, beer, and spirits. It is a depressant, which means that when it reaches the brain, it slows down the body's systems.
It can also be difficult for the body to process, putting extra pressure on the liver, the digestive system, the cardiovascular system, and other functions.
Alcohol is a legal recreational substance for adults and one of the most commonly used drugs in the United States. People consume alcohol to socialize, to relax, and to celebrate.
It is commonly misused among individuals of all ages, resulting in significant health, legal, and socio-economic damage.
In 2017, around half of all Americans aged over 18 years had consumed alcohol in the last month. Just over 9 percent of those aged 12 to 17 years had done so.
According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 15.1 million people aged 18 years and over in the U.S. had alcohol use disorder (AUD), or 6.2 percent of this age group.
Within minutes of consuming alcohol, it is absorbed into the bloodstream by blood vessels in the stomach lining and small intestine.
It then travels to the brain, where it quickly produces its effects.
The short-term effects of alcohol depend on:
" how much is consumed
" how quickly
" the weight, sex, and body fat percentage of the individual
" whether or not they have eaten
Drinking with a meal slows the rate of absorption, resulting in fewer side effects and less intoxication.
Signs of intoxication
At first, the person may feel relaxed, uninhibited, or giddy. As they consume more alcohol, intoxication may result.
Other signs of intoxication include:
" slurred speech
" clumsiness and unsteady gait
" distortion of senses and perception
" loss of consciousness
" lapses in memory
How much alcohol?
One drink is the equivalent of:
" 12 ounces of beer that is around 5 percent alcohol, depending on the type
" 5 ounces of wine that is around 12 percent alcohol
" 1.5-ounces of spirits, or a "shot," at about 40 percent alcohol
" 8 ounces of malt liquor, at around 7 percent alcohol
In other words, these servings all contain the same amount of alcohol: 0.6 ounces.
Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream. It is expressed as the weight of ethanol in grams per 100 milliliter (ml) of blood.
The University of West Virginia suggests that a person may experience the following, depending on individual factors:
The body absorbs alcohol relatively quickly, but it takes longer to get the alcohol out of the body. The liver needs about 1 hour to process one drink. Consuming several drinks in a short time causes the alcohol builds up in the body. This puts the body's systems under pressure. It can lead to illness and, in severe cases, death. It also increases the risk of blackouts, especially on an empty stomach.
During this time, a person may do things that they do not remember later.
Binge drinking is defined as drinking within 2 hours:
" Five or more drinks for a man
" Four or more drinks for a woman
This is because women and men metabolize alcohol differently.
Intoxication impairs judgment and can result in inappropriate and illegal behaviors such as sexual promiscuity, disorderly conduct, driving while intoxicated and acts of violence.
In 2014, 31 percent of all driving fatalities in the U.S. were alcohol-related.
When the amount of alcohol in the blood exceeds a certain level, this can lead to alcohol toxicity, or poisoning. This is a dangerous condition.
Since alcohol is a depressant, it can slow the breathing, leading to a lack of oxygen to the brain.
Two stars fight, and the image is stunning
Stars that have companions aren't always friendly to them, as evidenced by a stellar confrontation witnessed by astronomers. They studied the binary ...
Sex workers finally get 'honourable' funerals in Bangladesh
(News Agencies)-Often treated as less than human in life, there has been little dignity in death for the sex workers of one of the world's biggest b...
In tears again, victim's mother pleads for death warrant for 4 convicts
Demanding fresh death warrant, Asha Devi said, "I am here from one and half years, I am here and waiting for them to avail their legal remedies. Howev...
Delhi Police arrests 10 students in Gargi college molestation case
A case was registered against the ten accused under sections 452, 354, 509, 34 of the IPC at Hauz Khas Police Station. (News Agencies)-The Delhi ...
In AAP's victory, a lesson in transformative politics
The extraordinary political process that Delhi has witnessed this past month represents at once the maturing of the electorate within this "ordinary c...
How the AAP won, with some help from the BJP
Despite a patchy track record, the AAP captured the narrative. The Delhi BJP?had nothing to offer voters Delhi's outsized influence on the nationa...
Jammu and Kashmir: Detention is not the answer
Booking the former chief ministers under PSA is counterproductive The decision to book former Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) chief ministers Omar Abdulla...
Politics is shifting to the centre-right. Delhi proves it
Endorsing the religious practices of the majority, a strong nationalist pitch and populist welfarism is the new normal. Delhi is a riddle wrapped ...
Arvind Kejriwal appointed Delhi CM, 6 ministers to take oath
The 6 ministers who will take oath along with Arvind Kejriwal on 16 Feb are Manish Sisodia, Satyender Jain, Gopal Rai, Kailash Gehlot, Imran Hussain a...
Trump administration goes to war with states over Immigration
The Justice Department sues California and New Jersey to overcome enforcement roadblocks. The Trump administration dramatically escalated its war ...
© All rights Reserved. The south Asian, Published Weekly from New york.